June 27, 2017

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Articles Published in: August 2016

mortgage loan and business debt

FHA Loan Debt To Income Ratio Rules: Student Loans

When the lender is adding up an FHA loan applicant’s income and monthly financial obligations for the purpose of calculating debt ratios, there are some debts that can be more complicated than others. Student loans, for example, can be tricky because a borrower may have student loan debt that is in “deferred” status, while others may be paying on their loans at the time of the loan application or soon thereafter. Here’s a recent reader question on the subject: “I cannot find anything that talks about NON deferred student loans. I have a client with a $63 payment on their credit report ($25,000 student loan balance). The loan is NOT in deferment, he pays $63 per month. The u/w is telling me I must use the greater of 1% of | more...

 
Mortgage Loan Rate Trends

Mortgage Loan Interest Rate Trends: Slightly Higher For Some

Monday saw mortgage loan interest rates taking back a bit of ground from Friday’s move higher; Tuesday saw some lenders keeping things unchanged while others moved a bit higher. There are some question marks around scheduled economic data releases on Wednesday and Friday, which could resolve as upward pressure on rates depending on investor reaction to Wednesday’s Pending Home Sales report and a national employment report also due on Weds. These reports in and of themselves don’t “do” anything to mortgage loan rates, it’s the behavior of the investors in the wake of those reports that creates the changes in rates we see depending on how those reports go. Friday is another day of employment data with the Employment Situation report-something that has moved rates in the past due to | more...

 

FHA Announces Changes To Help Delinquent Borrowers Avoid Foreclosure

The FHA has issued a press release announcing changes to its loss mitigation program guidelines to help borrowers avoid foreclosure and remain in their homes in times of financial difficulty. According to HUDNo.16-127, “The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) today announced new procedures to strengthen the process mortgage servicers use to help struggling families avoid foreclosure and remain in their homes. FHA is streamlining its loss mitigation protocols that servicers must use when evaluating and deploying home retention options, foreclosure alternatives that allow delinquent borrowers to retain their home.” By way of background, the FHA official site (in Mortgagee Letter 2016-14) explains, “The evolution of FHAs loss mitigation guidance has also led to improved consumer engagement, the streamlining of FHAs Pre-Foreclosure Sale option, and a new loan modification by which Mortgagees | more...

 

FHA Loans and Foreclosure Avoidance: The FHA HAMP Loan

When you purchase your home with an FHA mortgage loan, chances are you’re thinking more about moving in, getting settled, and making the home your own than you are the possibility that you could encounter financial hardship at some point and miss mortgage payments. But these things do happen to some borrowers, and the FHA has a program set up to help those who get into financial trouble. The FHA HAMP program was created to help borrowers avoid foreclosure and keep them in the home. FHA HAMP is a loan modification program and not a refinance loan, which is an important distinction to make. Under the terms of the FHA HAMP program, the FHA permits ” the use of a partial claim up to 30 percent of the unpaid principal | more...

 

FHA Loan Questions: Home Inspections

A reader asks, “So what do I do if I bought a house with an FHA loan and 2 weeks after closing the roof leaks? You can visually see more than 3 layers of roofing without setting foot on the roof or a Ladder? Obviously the roof didnt have 2 years of life left in it and obviously it was in need of repair. Also the inspector I hired didnt go up on the roof either. What are my options now? Also code in my area is no more than 3 layers of roofing and after getting estimates the house has 5 layers on it.” FHA loan appraisals and home inspections are two different things. The reader question in this particular case seems to indicate that the borrower paid for | more...

 

Mortgage Rate Trends: A Mostly Flat Week

Mortgage loan rates were mostly unchanged last week, budging a bit on Friday after Fed chairperson Janet Yellin’s speech at an important event in Jackson Hole, Wyoming. Rates seemed to be in defensive mode in advance of this speech, which many looked to as a possible spoiler for mortgage loan rates. Why? Because at the present moment, investors are looking hard for any hint from the Fed that another interest rate hike might occur, the timing of such a hike, and the severity. The Fed’s rate hike issues have affected mortgage rates in months and years past as investors react to the news or lack of it. Investor behavior is responsible for the Fed-related volatility in mortgage loan rates rather than the Fed itself, so it’s important to make the | more...

 

FHA Loan Rules: Post-Bankruptcy

There are many questions about FHA loans and bankruptcy. Here’s an example of the kinds of questions we answer on a regular basis about becoming eligible once more for an FHA mortgage in the wake of a bankruptcy discharge: “My credit score is low and I will be discharged from bankruptcy coming this November. What can I do to raise my credit score and qualify for a FHA loan?” It’s very important for borrowers in this situation to know that FHA loan rules in HUD 4000.1 require a minimum waiting time (also known as a ‘seasoning period’) before a borrower can apply for an FHA mortgage. This waiting time begins at the time the bankruptcy is discharged, not from when it was initially filed. The waiting time depends on the | more...

 

FHA Loan Appraisal Rules: A Reader Question

A reader asks, “I have been told by my realtor and the lender that an appraisal on a house I own will be on record for 180 days. They said that the appraised value will be on record and no other FHA appraisal can be made during this 180 day period. Is there a master list that other lenders and appraisers cross reference during this six month period? My reading of your blog indicates that if another FHA buyer makes an offer on my property. a different appraisal would need to be performed.” HUD 4000.1 does indeed contain language that leads one to believe that a new appraisal may be required. On page 120, we find the following: “The Mortgagee must order a new appraisal for each Mortgage or refinance | more...

 

Identity Of Interest Transactions: Another Reader Question

A reader asks, “I have a client that inherited property along with 2 siblings from the Mothers estate. The client has resided in the subject property for 1 year and now wants to buy the other siblings out. Is it correct, that this scenario would meet the exempt status of identity of interest guidelines?” The reader is asking this question in reference to an earlier post we wrote about FHA loans and identity of interest transactions. An FHA mortgage typically requires a minimum 3.5% down payment for new purchase loans. But the required down payment can be higher if there is an “identity of interest” as described in HUD 4000.1: “An Identity-of-Interest Transaction is a sale between parties with an existing Business Relationship or between Family Members. Business Relationship refers | more...

 
FHA Refinance Loans

Qualifying For An FHA Loan

Here’s a great example of a common question we are often asked: “How much is the minimum downpayment required for FHA loan? I am planning to purchase this property with my partner as primary residence. Are we qualified?” The main issue with questions like these is that the question isn’t specific enough to answer to the reader’s satisfaction. Why? Because good credit scores aren’t enough, and lender FICO score requirements in general can vary between one financial institution and another. Essentially, what a borrower needs to know when preparing to apply for an FHA mortgage includes (but is not limited to) a list of items. That list will include FICO scores (many lenders look for scores starting at between 620 and 640), but also includes your most recent 12 months | more...