August 20, 2017

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Articles in Category: Debt Ratios

What Is Undisclosed Debt?

FHA Mortgage Questions: What Is Undisclosed Debt?

What is undisclosed debt and how can it affect your FHA home loan application? Undisclosed debt is basically credit information that is either not listed by the borrower on the credit application, or debt that does not show up yet on a credit report. There are several reasons why a lender would be concerned by undisclosed debt and FHA loan rules anticipate situations where such problems occur. Undisclosed Non-Mortgage Debt FHA loan rules for this type of debt which is not volunteered by the borrower on a mortgage application (or does not show up on the borrower’s credit report) are found on page 187 of the FHA loan handbook, HUD 4000.1. There we find these instructions to the lender: “When a debt or obligation (other than a Mortgage) not listed | more...

 
Can my seller pay some of my closing costs?

FHA Loan Income Requirements

How much or how little can you earn and still qualify for an FHA loan? Do you know what the FHA loan income requirements are for the type of mortgage loan you seek? The truth is, the FHA home loan program does not specify a minimum (or maximum) dollar amount necessary to qualify for an FHA home loan or FHA refinance loan. Instead, the lender is required to make sure you qualify with FICO scores, credit history, and an acceptable debt-to-income ratio. FHA Debt To Income Ratio There are two ways your participating FHA lender will review your income compared to your financial obligations in order to qualify you for an FHA mortgage. The first is to review the amount of verifiable income you bring in and compare it to | more...

 
FHA loan down payment

Part Time Income: FHA Loan Rules

What are the rules for using part time income to qualify for FHA loans? A reader asked us a question on that topic in our comments section this week: “I have a client that worked full time for a company for eight years. In the last eight months he went to half time. Why cant we use this income since hes been at the same employer for more than 2 years?” Instructions to the lender on this issue are found in HUD 4000.1. There, we learn that for all income sources, the lender is required to do some calculations. “For employees who are paid hourly, and whose hours do not vary, the Mortgagee must consider the Borrowers current hourly rate to calculate Effective Income. For employees who are paid hourly | more...

 

FHA Loan Questions: Verifying Alimony and Child Support

FHA loan questions often come in our comments section after we’ve posted on a certain topic. Recently we wrote about how a lender is supposed to verify child support and alimony payments to a borrower who wants to use them as income: “I applied for a loan and my loan officer said I need proof of continuing payment for the next 3 yrs because my oldest son is 16 but will not graduate high school until after he turns 19. Would my court ordered support papers, my sons school records showing graduation year, and a copy of the law stating that he has to pay until he graduates be good enough proof?” FHA loan questions like these are proof that there’s still much work to do on explaining how FHA | more...

 

FHA Loans and Alimony/Child Support

A reader asked a question in our comments section about FHA loan rules for alimony and child support payments: “What is a voluntary payment agreement? I am divorced its a closed case and I actually pay a little more than what we agreed to in the official settlement agreement. Shes now trying to buy a house and will be dealing with the whole proving amount of alimony/child support and its very difficult to amend a closed case.” “If we have an agreement between ourselves for (x) dollars/month for (x) amount of time and have this notarized, would this constitute a voluntary payment agreement?” The reader is referencing an earlier blog post from 2013, which includes the following about how the lender may consider alimony and child support as part of | more...

 
what is mortgage insurance and how does it work?

FICO Scores And FHA Loan Approval

How do FICO scores affect your FHA home loan application? A reader got in touch this week to ask a question in this area: “Hello, my credit score is between high 500s, low 600s. I make $8,000 a month. My mother in law said she would co-sign for my wife and I, her score is near perfect. Is this situation possible to get a loan for a home? She manages an apartment complex and pays no rent. Thanks for your time.” FHA loan rules in HUD 4000.1 state that a borrower is technically qualified for maximum financing (with a required minimum 3.5% down payment) with FICO scores at 580 or higher. Borrowers with FICO scores between 500 and 579 are technically eligible for FHA loans with a 10% minimum required | more...

 

Temporary Reduction of Income: FHA Loan Rules

What happens if a borrower fills out an FHA loan application while having a temporary reduction of income either on the record or ongoing during the application process? Does the FHA loan rule book, HUD 4000.1, address these situations? Fortunately, yes. There are many reasons why a loan applicant might experience a temporary reduction of income-short term disability, for example. Maternity leave. Temporary leaves of absence, sabbaticals, etc. According to page 206 of HUD 4000.1, FHA loan rules in this area include the following: “For Borrowers with a temporary reduction of income due to a short-term disability or similar temporary leave, the Mortgagee may consider the Borrowers current income as Effective Income, if it can verify and document that: – the Borrower intends to return to work; – the Borrower | more...

 
What is an FHA loan limit?

Commission Income and FHA Loans: A Reader Question

A reader asked about the FHA loan rules governing commission income this week in our comments section: “My employer recently (1yr) switched the pay scale to a base/commission/bonus format. Basically we now get paid per load instead of hourly. Since weve only received commission for 2016 and not 2015, should my itemized job related expenses for 2015 count against my income over the previous two years?” FHA loan rules in HUD 4000.1 address this issue, but may not be the only rules at work-lender standards would also apply as well as any applicable state law. Here’s what HUD 4000.1 states about commission income: “The Mortgagee must calculate Effective Income for commission by using the lesser of (a) the average net Commission Income earned over the previous two years, or the | more...

 

FHA Loan Rules For Part-Time Income

A reader asked us a question in the comments section this week about part-time income and how it may or may not qualify as verifiable income for an FHA loan. The reader asks: “My file is with the underwriter for review, they have asked for an VOE from my employer but they stated I work 16 hours a week (position hired into) but I always work more the 16 hr a week for the last 5-6 months and I’m going to continue to work more then that, they have already seen check stubs and both w2 from 2015 and 2016. Could this deny me for my loan?” We first have to determine what the FHA definition of part-time income. HUD 4000.1 gives lenders guidance in this area beginning with the | more...

 

Late or Missed Payments and FHA Loan Applications

If you look at recent headlines, it’s easy to see indications that the U.S. economy is trying to improve. The Fed is discussing interest rate hikes after a long period of measures to shore up the economy after the financial crisis of 2008, for example. Stocks have rallied in 2017-so much so that some believe the growth is happening faster than might actually be good in the mid-to-long term. But in spite of upward trends, many still wrestle with common financial problems, including the simplest-late and missed payments on financial obligations. Having a handful of these in your recent past might not affect your overall financial bottom line if you’re not planning to seek new lines of credit, but for those who need to examine their mortgage options, late or | more...